What is accessibility?
Accessibility is the term used to describe whether a website can be used by people of all abilities / disabilities on a range of differing digital devices.
The way a person perceives information is affected by their ability / disability along with how they navigate between website pages. A website can only be classed as accessible if all people, including the elderly and disabled, can use it.
The BBC provide a comprehensive guide covering how to get the most of the assistive features and technologies available for your computer, operating system and web browser. The following topics are covered:
- I can’t see very well
- I am blind
- I can’t hear very well
- I find words difficult
- I find a keyboard or mouse hard to use
For further information please visit: http://www.bbc.co.uk/accessibility
Tips for Creating Accessible Websites:
- Use clear and descriptive headings, subheadings, and labels to structure your content.
- Provide alternative text (alt text) for all images, describing their purpose or conveying the information they represent.
- Ensure color contrast between text and background to improve readability.
- Provide captions and transcripts for audio and video content.
- Make sure forms are easy to understand and navigate, with clear instructions and error messages.
- Implement keyboard navigation so users can access all interactive elements without a mouse.
- Test your website with assistive technologies, such as screen readers, to identify and address barriers.
Resources for Web Accessibility:
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG): A set of guidelines developed by the W3C to make web content more accessible to people with disabilities.
- Assistive Technology: Tools and software that assist individuals with disabilities in accessing digital content. Examples include screen readers, magnifiers, and alternative input devices.
- Accessibility Validators: Online tools that help check the accessibility of your website, such as the WAVE Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool and the axe Browser Extensions.
Remember, web accessibility is an ongoing process, and it's essential to continuously evaluate and improve your website's accessibility. By embracing these principles, you contribute to a more inclusive online environment where everyone can fully participate and benefit.